World has enrich of minerals resources different countries is known for different minerals. Black Gold is known as Coal because it is black in colour and costly in market too. Black gold produces in some of the countries like South Africa, Australia, China and India. China is the largest producer of Black Gold in world but in India Chhattisgarh Jharkhand and Madhypradesh famous for Black Gold minerals which store in millions of tonnes. But in production Chhattisgarh is famous which produces millions of tonnes in a year. Chhattisgarh supply coal to other neighbouring countries and states for the generation of power. In this state coal produce is non- coking coal which emits more smoke but calorific value of heat is good for production of power generations plants. 44483 millions of tonnes estimated in this state mainly coal found in Korba, Raigarh, Sarguja and Koriya districts which has 16% of coal deposited in Chhattisgarh and 2nd rank in coal production in India.
The natural resources are found in this region and coal belts are in Hasdeo basin, Major deposits in Gevra , Dipka , Kushmunda Chirmiri, Churcha, Katkona and Chhal all these mines are managed by South Eastern Coal Filed Limited area where Gevera is the largest open caste mines in Asia and in underground mines Chirmiri in Koriya district.
New mines will be survey by Central Mine planning and Design Institute at 50 areas in Chhattisgarh which are located in valley of Hasdeo river which make new hope of ray for the south eastern coalfield limited and peoples also get employee from land acquisition policy and Power generations and export of coal will rise that helps Chhattisgarh for economic stability and minerals demand will increase in plants factories which make revolution for Industrial policy of 2022-2025. The state has linked with The Central India Coalfields which is spread over the districts of Surguja, Koriya (both in Chhattisgarh), Shahdol and Umaria (both in Madhya Pradesh). If we see in terms of coal areas there are 14 coalfields in this group which was famous in production with advance technology, which covers an area of about 5,345 square km with estimated reserve of 15,613.98mt.
Due to Coal deposit in northern part of Chhattisgarh State and Central Government starts acquiring forest area of Hasdeo which cause disputes between the tribal peoples who lives in nearby forest areas. Chhattisgarh has rich deposit of good quality of coal found in The Hasdeo Arand Coal Field (HACF) which spreads over nearly 1,880 sq km and it has comprises of 23 coal blocks. Different private agencies are doing survey for the demand for mining picked up around 2010, when the Chhattisgarh government recommended forest clearance for diverting 1,898.328 hectares of forest land for Parsa East and Kente Basan (PEKB) coal fields. Other states also take interest to invest and setup assiduity for mining of coal which has opposed by the ethnical peoples of Chhattisgarh because these were distributed to Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Limited ( RRVUNL). The PEKB coal block is run by Adani Enterprises, the sanctioned Mine inventor and Operator in this adventure. Due to court order mining exertion stop due to strikes.
Coal treasure is there but more excavation of coal cause deforestation of land areas which cause land pollution and air pollutions. Biodiversity of Chhattisgarh mainly depends upon forest covers area which will be exhausted due to mining activity. Environmental Impact Assessment is done by Ministry of Environment who also said that coal mining will degrade the balance of Environment. Now days coal is gold but if you greed for money it will make the future oxygen less in earth. In 2022 protest were made to protect the coal belt of Chhattisgarh by different communities and tribal society who also raise the issue of elephants which present in more numbers as compared to other states. If we do the deforestation could lead to elephant movements spilling over to urban areas, major loss of the natural environment and serious impacts to the identity of tribal peoples as well as flora and fauns if coal mining were to be allowed. Black Gold is minerals of money but more exploitation lead to life of hell. So try to make black gold into green gold for future sustainable to give green zone to the peoples of Chhattisgarh.
References: 1.The Indian Express Journal of News.
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