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History of Additive Manufacturing

Mr. Kunal Dewangan

Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering

Kalinga University, Naya Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

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The advancement of manufacturing techniques results in a shift toward greater reduction in weight while preserving a great aesthetic. The quality and robustness of items have greatly improved since the adoption of the AM method. Despite some drawbacks of the AM technique, the output produced by this technology performs admirably in all disciplines of engineering and medicine [1].

In 1987, stereolithography became the first step in the history of additive manufacturing. (SLA). Hideo Kodama, a Japanese doctor, used SLA to create this solid 3D printed model. Because of the development of 3D printing technologies, complex dimensions are now quite easy to manufacture in all applications [2].

A new generation of materials is enabling faster research into 3D printing (3DP). There is a growing demand for metals everywhere, which has led to the commercialization of metal-based additive manufacturing techniques [3-4].

Additive manufacturing has not proven suitable for large-scale projects requiring high volumes. The area of AM technique continues to develop because of advancements in materials, measurement controls, and manufacturing technologies. Figure 1 depicts an overview of the development of additive manufacturing processes [5-6].

Figure 1 History of Additive Manufacturing technique

Additive manufacturing generates significantly less waste than traditional assembly methods. The cost of entry is lowering, changing or revising variants of a product is simple, effective training are becoming more extensively available at all levels, it lowers waste production, saves on energy expenses, and demand is increasing [7].


1. Cooke, S., Ahmadi, K., Willerth, S., Herring, R.: Metal additive manufacturing technology, metallurgy and modelling. J. Manuf. Process. 57, 978–1003 (2020).

2. Ahmed, M., Pasha, M., Nan, W., Ghadiri, M.: A simple method for assessing powder spread ability for additive manufacturing. Powder Technol. 12, 12–18 (2020).

3. Karimi, J., Ma, P., Jia, Y.D., Prashanth, K.G.: Linear patterning of high entropy alloy by additive manufacturing. Manufact. Lett. 24, 9–13 (2020).

4. Alonso, U., Veiga, F., Suárez, A., Artaza, T.: Experimental investigation of the influence of wire arc additive manufacturing on the machinability of titanium parts. Metals. 10(1), 24 (2020).

5. Hassen, A.A., Noakes, M., Nandwana, P., Kim, S., Kunc, V., Vaidya, U., Love, L., Nycz, A.: Scaling Up metal additive manufacturing process to fabricate molds for composite manufacturing. Addit. Manufact. 32, 101093 (2020).

6. Lee, S.H.: CMT-based wire arc additive manufacturing using 316L stainless steel effect of heat accumulation on the multi-layer deposits. Metals 10(2), 278 (2020).


7. Li, X., Jia, X., Yang, Q., Lee, J.: Quality analysis in metal additive manufacturing with deep learning. J. Intell. Manuf. 31(8), 2003–2017 (2020).

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