At present, nanotechnology is being used in various fields like medical science, chemistry, beauty products, electronics, packaging, environment, energy, information and communication, heavy industry, consumer products, textile-paint, defense, pharmacy etc. The truth is that in the 21st century, nanotechnology is proving to be a panacea for our economy and society.
The modern farmer is becoming aware of the increase in the yield of his crop and its conservation, for which he is trying to use new techniques. In such a situation, nanotechnology is working as a boon in the agriculture sector. This technology is also playing an important role in the improvement of soil and water.
According to agricultural scientists, nano particles are being used in agriculture – from plant breeding, genetic modification, fertilizers, nano-insecticides, weedicides to storage, protection, production, quality improvement and flavoring of crops. The use of nanoparticles has not only increased the yield of crops but has also helped in creating agriculturally useful microorganisms. Through this technology, apart from changing the methods of farming, it will also help in reducing agricultural waste and environmental pollution.
According to the United Nations report, India’s population is expected to be more than 1.5 billion by 2025. It is obvious that there will be a need for increase in food grain production. In these circumstances, nanotechnology can bring a new revolution in the agriculture sector to meet the food requirement of the growing population.
In view of the increase in the yield and protection of crops in future, Indian Council of Agricultural Research has started research work to take advantage of nano science and technology in agriculture. Not only this, the Department of Science and Technology is working closely with various research institutes and State Agricultural Universities of the country.
Nanotechnology will revolutionize agriculture and the food industry, such as in the case of agricultural techniques, increasing the ability of plants to absorb nutrients, detect disease, and control pests. Keeping in view the possible dangers of nanotechnology, we need to step cautiously in this area. Such policies should be made, by which the dangerous effects of nanotechnology can be controlled. Only then this technology can prove to be a boon for the entire living world and the environment including humans.
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