Chhattisgarh is blessed with enormous green scape and rich biodiversity. It hosts flagship species like tiger, leopard, bear, gaur, elephants etc. Also, there are other rare species like the Wild Buffalo (Bubalus arnee), Bastar Hill myna (Gracula religiosa) which are state animal and state bird of Chhattisgrah respectively.
The population of Wild buffalo has declined drastically in the last three decades. The species is now restricted to small area in northeast India and central part of India (Chhattisgarh). There are approximately 3000-4000 individuals in north-east region and some 50 around individuals in Chhattisgarh. The occurrence of these wild buffaloes is spread across three regions i.e. Indravati National Park, Pamed and Udanti Wildlife Sanctuaries in Chhattisgarh. They are both diurnal and nocturnal animals and spend most of the time grazing and resting. The average life span of a wild buffalo is 25 years in the wild.
The wild buffalo is listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972. It is kept under endangered category in the IUCN Red Data Book, as less then 4000 individuals are left in the wild. Various projects and schemes are under taken by the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC) & State Forest Department for the conservation of wild buffalo’s population. One such initiative was taken by the State forest department in collaboration with Wildlife Trust of India under the Central India Wild Buffalo Recovery Project. This project is focused on conservation of the wild buffalo population in Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve, Chhattisgarh by implementing a number of ex situ and in situ interventions. WTI helped the forest department prepare a five-year Action Plan for the recovery of the wild buffalo population in Udanti. By using advance techniques genetically studies are also carried out for accurate identification and estimating related population.
Apart from these activities, other awareness programs for wild buffaloes habitat improvement are also been undertaken by authorities.
Dr Manoj Singh
Associate Professor- Department of Zoology, Kalinga University, Raipur
Email Id: email@example.com
URL: https://creativelyyours.creative.travel/wild-buffalo-population-increases-in-chhat …
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